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Maps of North Carolina

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Arrowsmith: North Carolina 1805
Aaron Arrowsmith. "North Carolina." With an inset of "Western Part of North Carolina." From A New and Elegant General Atlas. Boston: Thomas & Andrews, 1805. By Aaron Arrowsmith and Samuel Lewis. 7 3/4 x 9 1/2 (neat lines) plus margins. Engraving by Tanner. Ref.: G. Williams, Tar Heel Maps, pp. 42-3. Excellent condition.

An uncolored map of the state of North Carolina as it appeared to contemporaries at the beginning of the 19th century. The European maps from this atlas are the work of Aaron Arrowsmith (1750-1833), an Englishman who was the foremost cartographer of his period, and the American maps were chiefly derived from work by the American Samuel Lewis. Counties, towns, rivers and roads are noted; however, this is the only map to record Glasgow County at the head waters of the Neuse River because the name was soon changed to Greene County after the Revolutionary War hero. An excellent, early map. $450

Finley: N Carolina
Anthony Finley. "North Carolina." Philadelphia: A. Finley, 1825. From A New General Atlas. 11 1/4 x 8 1/2. Engraving by Young & Delleker. Original hand coloring. Very good condition.

In the 1820s, Anthony Finley produced a series of fine atlases in the then leading American cartographic center, Philadelphia. Finley's work is a good example of the quality that American publishers were beginning to obtain in the early decades of the century. He was very concerned to depict as up-to-date information as was possible, and thus his map presents an accurate picture of North Carolina in the 1820s. This map is elegantly presented, with crisp and clear engraving and very attractive pastel hand shading. Towns, rivers, and political divisions are indicated, and the bright color makes this map as attractive as it is informative. $225

Fielding Lucas, Jr. "North Carolina." Philadelphia: H.C. Carey & I. Lea, 1827. 11 x 18 3/8 (map); 16 1/2 x 20 1/4 (full sheet). Engraving by Kneass. Full hand color. Very good condition.

In 1822, Henry Charles Carey and Isaac Lea published their A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas. This volume was based on Emmanuel Las Cases' Atlas Historique of 1803, with updated maps and text modified by Carey, a political economist. He considered himself an American foil to John Stuart Mill and the London economists who were proclaimers of "the gloomy science" influenced by Ricardo and Malthus. Instead of preaching overpopulation and degeneration of the human species, Carey illustrated the nations of the western hemisphere through maps that showed an expanding region with ample promise of developing into lands of great new opportunity and growth. The sheets from this atlas, which cover North America, Central America, South America and the West Indies, are comprised of an engraved map surrounded by text documenting the history, climate, population and so forth of the area depicted. The atlas is particularly known for its excellent early maps of the states and territories of the United States. This map of North Carolina reflects the best possible cartographic information of the state that was available at the time. The impressive development of the state is graphically illustrated, with towns, roads and settled counties established throughout. The counties are colored with bright washes, and the whole impression is very attractive. This is a nice verbal and graphic picture of North Carolina in 1827. $625

"North America/ Sheet XI/ North and South Carolina." London: SDUK & Baldwin & Gradock, 1833. 14 3/4 x 13 1/8. Engraving by J. & C. Walker. Original outline color. Margins as issued, narrow at left. Very good condition.

A detailed and cleanly drawn map by the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (SDUK). This wonderful English enterprise was devoted to the spreading of up-to-date information and the enhancing of understanding. This map shows all but the western-most part of North and South Carolina. Rivers, roads and canals are given much attention. Counties are named and indicated with color outline. The excellent detail and precise engraving is typical of the Society's work, providing as detailed and accurate a picture of this region as was available in the early 1830s. $175

Hinton: Carolinas
John Hinton. "Map of the States of North and South Carolina." From The History and Topography of the United States of America. London: I.T. Hinton & Simpkin & Marshall, [1830]-1832. 9 3/4 x 15 5/8 (neat lines). Steel engraving by Fenner Sears & Co. Full hand color. With inset map of Charleston. Very good condition.

A lovely example of a steel engraving from one of the more popular nineteenth century view and map books, Hinton's History and Topography. This work contained text and numerous illustrations documenting the history and topography of the United States. Hinton used many different artists, all the engravings being made from drawings made on the spot. For their wide coverage, accurate detail, and pleasing appearance, these are amongst the finest small images of early nineteenth century America to be found anywhere. The London edition was the only one with maps of the regions throughout the United States. $250

Burr: Carolinas
David H. Burr. "North and South Carolina." New York: Illman & Pilbrow, 1836. From A New Universal Atlas (1835). 10 1/2 x 12 5/8. Engraving by W.F.H. Jr. Full original color. Very good condition.

An excellent map of the Carolinas by David H. Burr, one of the most important American cartographers of the first part of the nineteenth century. Having studied under Simeon DeWitt, Burr produced the second state atlas issued in the United States, of New York in 1829. He was then appointed to be geographer for the U.S. Post Office and later geographer to the House of Representatives. The map shows each county with a different color and towns and cities are noted throughout. With his access to information from the Post Office, Burr's depiction of the road system is accurate and up-to-date. Burr's maps are scarce and quite desirable. $250

Sidney Morse
Sidney E. Morse. "North Carolina." New York: S.E. Morse & Samuel Breese, [1842-]1846. 12 1/2 x 16 5/8. Cerograph. Very good condition.

An early cerographic map of of North Carolina. It was issued in Sidney Morse's important Cerographic Atlas, which was the first atlas to use the process of cerography. Cerography, or wax engraving, was developed as a process that was easy to use and that worked with power relief presses. The process was so successful, that by the late nineteenth century it became the preeminent process for American map making, used by such firms as Cram and Rand, McNally. The first map made by cerography was Morse's map of Connecticut that appeared in The New York Observer in 1839, with Morse completing his atlas in 1845. The atlas contained this excellent map of North Carolina. The detail shows some topography, rivers, counties, and settlements, as well as the fairly extensive network of roads criss-crossing the state. $275

Joseph Meyer
Joseph Meyer. "Neueste Karte von Nord Carolina...1845." Hildburghhausen: J. Meyer, 1846. 11 1/2 x 14 5/8. Engraving. Original outline hand color. Full margins. Very good condition.

An unusual map of Tennessee from J. Meyer's Handatlas. The maps from this atlas are based on Henry Tanner's maps which were issued a few years before. Tanner's maps focused on the transportation network of the states depicted, including roads, railroads, and canals, and the Meyer derivatives follow them in this emphasis. The topographical information is nicely presented, showing towns, rivers, political boundaries, etc. Included in this map of North Carolina are insets of the areas around New Berne and the Gold Region. The Tanner maps were later acquired by S. Augustus Mitchell, and then Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., all issued in Philadelphia. The Meyer versions, issued in Germany, extended the influence of these excellent maps throughout Europe. $325

"Johnson's North and South Carolina." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1862-3. 17 x 24. Lithograph. Full original hand-color. Very good condition. With vignettes of "Chimney Rocks and French Broad River" and "Table Mountain" plus an inset "Plan of Charleston Vicinity and Harbor." With decorative border. Chip into decorative border, else very good condition.

An attractive map from A. J. Johnson's atlas issued early in the Civil War. Johnson, who published out of New York City, was one of the leading cartographic publishers in the latter half of the century, producing popular atlases, geographies and so on. This finely detailed map is a good example of Johnson's work. Counties, towns, roads, rail lines, rivers and lakes are shown throughout. Of particular note is the extensive road and rail network in the states that would be come so important in the forthcoming conflict, as well as the rendering of Charleston Harbor where the fighting would commence. At the top are tables showing distances along steamboat routes in the state. Also included are two inset maps. One shows the vicinity of New Berne, and the other focuses on the Gold Regions in the central part of the state. The clear presentation of cartographic information and the warm hand coloring make this an attractive as well as interesting historical document. $150

Mitchell: North & South Carolina 1867
"North and South Carolina." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr. 1867. 11 3/4 x 13 7/8. Lithograph. Original hand coloring. Decorative border. Very good condition. With insets "Plan of Charleston" and "Map of Charleston Harbor."

For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell dominated American cartography in output and influence. This fine map is from one of his son's atlases, and it shows North and South Carolina in 1880. Towns, rivers, roads and other topographical information are clearly shown, and two insets show Charleston and its harbor. The counties are shaded with contrasting pastel colors and a decorative border surrounds the map, with the whole effect making for an attractive mid-nineteenth century map. $175


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