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The Philadelphia Print Shop, Ltd.Maps

19th Century maps of Regions of the United States
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"A New Map of Arkansas with its Canals, Roads & Distances." Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., 1850. 14 1/2 x 11 7/8. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Full original hand color. Full margins. Very good condition.

A strong, beautifully crafted map of Arkansas from the mid-nineteenth century, published by Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co.. This firm took over the publication of S. Augustus Mitchell's important Universal Atlas in 1850, and they continued to produce up-dated maps that were amongst the best issued in the period. This map shows Arkansas at an interesting period in its history. The map is filled with myriad topographical details, including rivers, towns, and political borders. The Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. maps are especially known for their depiction of the transportation routes of the states, and this map is no exception. The transportation infrastructure was extremely important at this period of increased immigration and travel in the American south, and the roads and canals of the state are clearly depicted. Three tables at the top list the steamboat routes from Little Rock to New Orleans, Pittsburg, and Fort Gibson. $225
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Meyer: Western US
"A New Map of the State of California, The Territories of Oregon & Utah. Compiled after the best authorities." From Meyer's Hand-Atlas. Hildburghausen: Bibliographic Institution, 1852. 15 1/4 x 12 1/4. Engraving by E. Biedermann. Original color. Very good condition.

A very detailed map of the western United States showing the political situation there just after the middle of the nineteenth century. With the official acquisition of Oregon Territory (1846) and the Mexican Cession (1848), the California Gold Rush (1849) and the admittance of California as a state and the creation of Utah and New Mexico territories (1850), the American West was of great interest to Americans and others around the world. Thus it was that most atlases included a map of this region, of which this is the one that appeared in Meyer's Hand-Atlas in 1852. About 1833 Joseph Meyer had founded the Bibliographischen Institut in Hildburghausen, which issued geographical works, and in 1849 he sent his son, Herrmann, to set up the North American branch of the Bibliographic Institution. In the 1840s and early 1850s this business published their well respected Hand-Atlas.

Their maps were known for their precise detail and this is a good example of their output. This map contains much the same information as the S. Augustus Mitchell maps which began in the mid-1840s, but with some differences, especially in California where this map has especially good detail. Throughout are shown rivers, mountains, Indian tribes, and settlements of all sizes. This map also shows a number of trails, including the Lewis & Clark's canoe route, Frémont's route of exploration, the Oregon Trail and the Great Spanish Trail. A nicely colored inset in the lower left is of San Francisco and environs. An excellent cartographic picture of the American West at a transformative period in its history. $675

Magnus NY
"Map of the State of New York." New York: Charles Magnus, 1854. 18 1/4 x 22 3/4. Steel engraving. Full original hand color. With insets of Long Island and Niagara Falls. Impressions of Niagara: 265.

A separately issued map of New York State from prolific print publisher Charles Magnus. Known best for his souvenir prints of scenes of American locations, Magnus also issued an interesting group of regional American maps, probably also intended for the souvenir market. This map has considerable topographical and political information of the state, including indications of canals and railroads. An inset map of Long Island is places at bottom center, and an interesting bird's eye view of Niagara Falls graces the top left corner. The whole is attractively hand colored in pastel shades, and it is easy to see that this would have been a popular decorative map for visitors or residents of New York. $450

Harper's Southern States
Anon. "Map of the Southern States." From Harper's Weekly. New York: November 1861. 20 x 29 3/4 (neat lines plus margins). Wood engraving. Original hand color. With folds as issued. Repaired tears and reinforcement along vertical fold with archival tape. Slight browning alone vertical center fold. Else, very good condition of a map that is usually found tattered at the edges from folding out of the periodical. Stephenson, Civil War Maps, 14.55.

Harper's Weekly was an illustrated newspaper issued in New York, beginning just before the Civil War and continuing for most of the nineteenth century. Its mission was best described by its subtitle, "A Journal of Civilization." The newspaper had copious articles, but it communicated much of its message through excellent and topical pictures which were drawn by its many staff artists. These pictures were of current events, and it was this paper which supplied the American public with most of the contemporary images of the Civil War. Besides the scenes of soldiers and battlefields, Harper's included a number of maps. This map depicted the entire region of the south and border states and it was intended as the general map which readers could use to follow events. $650

"Colton's Map of California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Arizona & New Mexico." New York: G.W. and C.B. Colton & Co., 1866. 16 3/4 x 26. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

A fascinating map of the southwestern part of the United States by the Colton firm of New York City, issued just after the Civil War. This was a period when the American west was really opening up for settlers and this map captures the region at a very early stage of its development. When issued, the territories had taken on the shape that the states have today, though in this early version of the Colton map of the region Nevada's eastern border is too far west (it was moved in 1864) and the southern tip of what is today Nevada is still part of Arizona, as it was until the following year.

The topographical detail is very good, but it is the social information that is so interesting. Towns, forts, Indian tribes, passes, explorer routes, the pony express, and early trails (e.g. "Emigrant Road") are all depicted. Some of this is quite current, while other aspects are a bit out-of-date (such as still showing Auraria next to Denver City. Of particular note are the indications of early railroads, both proposed and existing, including the proposed route of the "Pacific R.R." In the vast middle parts of this map, the mountains are not fully filled in, but good indications are given of the locations of Indian tribes and mines. California, in contrast to the territories, is shown extensively developed, with many counties, towns, and a network of roads and rail lines. $350

"Map of The Seat Of War To Accompany the American Conflict." From Horace Greeley's The American Conflict. Hartford: O.D. Case & Co., 1866. 25 5/8 x 36 1/2. Lithograph, "Engraved by Oliver J. Stuart." Original hand color. Very good condition. Stephenson, 59-60.

A handsome and highly detailed map of the southern part of the United States, the "Seat of War" issued just after the end of the Civil War as an accompaniment to Horace Greeley's account of the conflict. This map was designed to be used to follow the events of the war and so it contains impressive detail of towns, borders, rivers, orography, and most importantly canals, roads and railroads. Also of considerable interest are the indications of important military routes taken by troops during the war, indicated by lines with arrows on the map. This large and decorative map, issued essentially contemporary with the events, is a superb cartographic document of the American Conflict. $725
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Government survey maps. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1864. Lithographs. On thin paper and folded as issues. Fragile at folds with some splitting.

A series of finely detailed maps based on surveys of the public lands ordered by the U.S. Congress. They nicely show the extent of knowledge of the wetsern parts of the country at the time of the Civil War.

G.W. & C.B. Colton. "Map Showing the Line of the Norfolk and Western and Shenandoah Valley Railroads and the Connection with the Virginia, Tennessee & Georgia Air Line." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co., 1881. 19 x 25 1/2. Lithograph. Original highlight color. Excellent condition. Folded into First Annual Report of the President and Directors of the Norfolk & Western Railroad Company. Philadelphia, 1882. Octavo. Paper covers. 51 pp. Excellent condition.

A map of the railroad lines in the American southeast produced by one of the most important map publishers of the second half of the nineteenth century, the Colton firm out of New York. This firm, which went through a number of different manifestations, issued both atlas maps and attractive folding maps such as this one. This map was issued to accompany the first annual report, for 1881, of the Norfolk & Western Railroad Company. The map is folded into the back of the pamphlet, and its copious detail of the railroad systems in the American southeast would have provided excellent illumination for the annual report. Detail is given of rivers and towns from Massachusetts to Iowa and from Florida to Louisiana. All the myriad railroads in this region are also shown, which those of the "Virginia, Tennessee and Georgia Air Line" highlighted in color. This railroad system was comprised of the Norfolk and Western, Shenandoah Valley, East Tennessee, Virginia, and Georgia railroad systems. Ship connections from these lines to Baltimore, New York and Boston are also indicated. Scarce and of considerable historic note, this is a fine document of the American southeast from about a century ago. $650

Hermann Habenicht. "Vereinigte Staaten von Nord-Amerika in 6 Blättern, Bl. 1." From Stieler's Hand-Atlas. Gotha: Justus Perthes, 1882. Engraving by Metzeroth, Eberhardt, Kramer. Original outline color. Very good condition.

In the Stieler Hand-Atlas of 1882, there was a large, six sheet map of the United States, showing the country with amazing detail. This is plate 1, the sheet showing the northwest part of the country, extending south to about the latitude of San Francisco and east to continental divide in Colorado. Stieler's Hand-Atlas was one of the finest world atlases of the latter 19th century. Known for its maps with clear and precise topographical detail, this atlas continued to include engraved maps to the end of the century. The maps were regularly updated, as shown comparing this map to the earlier edition of 1876. Many new railroads are shown and regions where new surveys had been made, such as the Rockies of Colorado, show much new detail. Lakes, rivers, mountains, towns and cities of all sizes, roads and railroads are all clearly presented, making this as fine a map of the region as any of the date. $125

Colton 1883 Pennsylvania
"Colton's New Township Map of Pennsylvania & the Southern Counties of New York." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton, 1883. 28 x 41 3/4. Lithograph. Original outline color around the state. Folding map on banknote paper with buckram case. Bright and lovely. Excellent condition.

Following America's first great World's Fair in Philadelphia in 1876, Pennsylvania continued to flourish due to prosperous agriculture and flourishing manufacturing. The two economic forces were united and distributed through the great and powerful canals and railroads of the day. This map is filled with copious information on the state of Pennsylvania in 1883. It records the many cities, towns, and villages, the mountains and rivers and lakes, and the roads, canals and the railroads throughout the state and into the southern tier of New York State. Such separately issued maps were used by travelling salesmen, teamsters and planners. They were invariably the most up-to-date when they were issued, as the need was great for accuracy. This wonderful map is as fine a cartographic document of the region as was available at the time. $675
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Simon J. Martenet. "Martenet's Map of Maryland and District of Columbia, . . .." Philadelphia: J.L. Smith, 1885. Copyright 1884 by S.J. Martenet. Lithograph (hand colored). 32 sections backed on linen; one original cloth cover remains. Overall dimensions 43 1/2 x 71 (neatlines) plus full margins. Reference: Phillips, Maps, p. 398. Linen backing is fragile, so there are some splits at folds. Slight staining through the back, especially in lower left quadrant. Normal age browning. Fine reading.

This huge, decorative, and detailed map shows great detail with 59 "signs and abbreviations" for roads, business complexes such as mills, factories, and shops, and organizations such as churches and schools. The map also features very detailed and fascinating insets of: Baltimore, Annapolis, Hagerstown, Cambridge, Cumberland, Easton, "Frederick City," Chestertown, "Washington and Georgetown," and Salisbury.

Simon Martenet (b. 1832) was apprenticed at age 13 to Thomas P. Chiffelle, city surveyor of Baltimore. He took over the latter's business in 1855 and soon began executing maps of various Maryland counties. This work was interrupted by the Civil War, but by 1865 he completed and published his large map as an atlas and as a wall map. The Maryland legislature required that it be used in all public schools. The map was updated, slightly according to Papenfuse and Coale, in 1885 and issued in this segmented form in 1886. Ref.: The Hammond-Harwood House Atlas of Historical Maps of Maryland, 1608-1908: 81. The size and detail are stunning. Case and map are as found. $800

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